Strategies and Agendas of Former Slaves in Cuba and Martinique after Slavery
PD Dr. Ulrike Schmieder (Department of History)
This project attends to the period following the abolition of slavery on the Caribbean islands Cuba (1886) and Martinique (1848) focusing on the transformation from a slave economy to new forms of economic relations (forced labour, wage labour, share cropping), changes in family organization and gender relations. The significance of intra- and interethnic conflicts as well as the political and cultural resistance of former slaves against new forms of dependency, racial discrimination and cultural paternalism exercised by state or church authorities are further research themes.
The strategies and agendas of former slaves are of particular interest taking into account the influence of their contrasting social, ethnic and gender backgrounds. Categories of difference such as age/generation, education, religion will be examined in order to produce a complex analysis. This project compares not only the French and Spanish Caribbean but also relates its findings to current research on the British and Danish Caribbean (see Jan Hüsgen’s work within the first round of the post-slavery project) as well as West and South Africa as discussed by other members of the Hanoverian research group.